Week 4 question?

Question 1

  1. Match the identified figure, term, or economic program to the most accurate description.
    John Steinbeck
    Black Tuesday
    Bonus Expeditionary Force
    The Dust Bowl
    First New Deal
    The interregnum
    Brains Trust
    President’s Emergency Committee for Employment
    Reconstruction Finance Corporation
    Emergency Relief and Construction Act
    Smoot-Hawley Tariff
    Emergency Banking Act
    Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation
    Federal Emergency Relief Act
    Civilian Conservation Corps
    Agricultural Adjustment Act
    Southern Tenant Farmers Union
    Public Works Administration
    Zora Neale Hurston
    A. Glass-Steagall Act
    B. The period between the 1932 election and Roosevelt’s inauguration where no significant legislation was passed
    C. Approximately 15,000 World War I veterans marched in Washington to demand early payment of their veteran benefits, which were not due to be paid until 1945
    D. Provided government jobs for young men aged 14 to 24 who came from relief families to work on federal property and infrastructure projects
    E. Langston Hughes
    F. Set aside $2 billion in taxpayer money to rescue banks, credit unions, and insurance companies
    G. Noted figure of the Harlem Renaissance famous for his/her posthumously published novel Their Eyes Were Watching God
    H. An interracial organization that sought to gain government relief for the most disenfranchised of farmers
    I. Act that authorized the allotment of $1.5 billion to states to fund local public works projects.
    J. $500 million in direct grants that went directly to states to infuse relief agencies to help the unemployed
    K. Term referring to a group of Roosevelt’s advisers who famously crafted a national tax policy intended to raise America out of the Great Depression
    L. Later renamed the President’s Organization of Unemployment Relief (POUR); this program assisted state and private relief agencies, such as the Red Cross, Salvation Army, and YMCA
    M. Author who focused his bestseller The Grapes of Wrath on the plight of the Okies during the Dust Bowl
    N. Nickname given to shantytowns that would emerge on the fringes of most major cities in the immediate result of the Stock Market Crash of 1929
    O. Ohio Gang
    P. Term designated to represent October 29, 1929, the day when the New York Stock Market plummeted, beginning the worldwide Great Depression
    Q. The product of overproduction and massive drought; this period was characterized by horrible storms and livestock deaths throughout the Midwest
    R. First New Deal program that set aside $3.3 billion to build public projects such as highways, federal buildings, and military bases
    S. Insured personal bank deposits up to $2,500
    T. 1930 law that raised taxes on imported goods, intending to increase sales of American-made goods but, instead, closed international markets and American manufacturers
    U. Series of federal programs introduced by President Roosevelt with the goals of bank reform, job creation, economic regulation, and regional planning
    V. Officially took the country off the gold standard, which severely limited the circulation of paper money
    W. Designed to boost prices to a level that would alleviate rural poverty and restore profitability to American agriculture

Question 2

  1. Discuss the changing economic landscape of the United States between the world wars. In your response, trace the highs and lows from the fallout of World War I, the onset of the Great Depression, and the impact of the New Deal. How did these trends have an impact on marginalized communities?