Answer 3 questions regarding immigration

Drawing particularly from the lectures and assigned readings, please answer the following short answer questions thoroughly but concisely (each answer should be 300 – 400 words in length). Make sure to provide proper documentation (footnotes, quotes, examples) for your answers. The strongest answer is one that draws on the broadest range of relevant readings and lectures.

1. Joseph Carens begins his essay by stating that citizenship in Western democracies is the modern equivalent of feudal privilege. According to Carens, why does citizenship possess this characteristic, what makes it different from most other statuses, and what are the implications for foreigners who enter the territories of western democracies? Since foreign-born residents don’t begin as citizens, why does Walzer insist that democracies need to provide foreign-born residents with the option of acquiring citizenship?

2. How can social scientists distinguish a “recognized refugee movement” from an “unrecognized refugee movement?” What common qualities would these two population flows share? Why are states reluctant to grant recognition to refugees that seem to clearly deserve the label?

3. According to Hagen, how and why were male immigrants able to benefit from both strong and weak ties? Why did a different pattern occur among women immigrants? How did the contrasts in strong/weak ties affect responses to the legalization of the 1980s? Make sure to give examples of each type of tie and explain the specific advantages or disadvantages associated with each type of tie.


  • Double spaced
  • 12 point font (Times New Roman)
  • Typed
  • 300 – 400 words each
  • MLA format
  • Include work cited page
  • Cite all sources
  • At least 5 sources (pick from readings and lectures listed below only)

Reminder regarding plagiarism:

Taking exact wordings from lecture slides and advancing them as your own thoughts constitutes a form of plagiarism. You may, of course, rephrase information taken from lecture slides; you may also cite or quote from lecture slides, all the while appropriately referencing the lecture and/or date that the lecture was presented. Exact quotations should be limited in number; you must express ideas in your own words.