Answer the questions.

1. What is the primary argument of the Hecksher-Olin Trade theory? How does it explain the push for increased free trade from both developed and developing countries in recent years?

2. Why do governments seek to international restrict trade? Critique some of the explanations for how and why trade policy coalitions emerge in domestic politics.

3. What are the benefits and consequences of foreign direct investment (FDI) for less developed countries? How does the impact of FDI compare to that of development loans from institutions like the International Monetary Fund (IMF)?

For each question, write more than 300 words. And the answers should use the following materials to answer the questions. Outsider materials are not allowed.


Frieden, Jeffry, David Lake, and Kenneth Schultz. 2015. World Politics: Interests, Interactions, Institutions (3rd ed.). New York: W.W. Norton.

(Chapter 7 and 8)

Mingst, Karen A. and Jack L. Snyder. 2016. Essential Readings in World Politics (6th ed.). New York: W.W. Norton.(Mingst and Snyder. Section 9 (pp. 467-495, 511-525)

Shiraev, Eric. B. and Vladislav M. Zubok. 2016. Current Debates in International Relations. Oxford: Oxford University Press.(Shiraev and Zubok. Sections7.1, 7.2, 7.3)