Choose FIVE items to write about. Answers must be detailed, focused, and relevant. For terms, literary or philosophic, define key aspects of the term, and give at least one specific example per point. For characters, give author and titleand explain the importance of the character to the plot and to the theme of the work. For quotes, always give author, title, and person/character who is speaking and explain the quote’s thematic relevance. Your discussion of quotes may branch out from the quote itself to include the context of the entire work. Your responses should be based on your own reading and notes and class discussion. Do NOT use secondary sources. You can use class notes and documents on D2l, but if you do, paraphrase, don’t quote from them. If you don’t write about a specific character or passage, fold other writers into your definition of terms. I am looking for five main points per response: see below for sample responses. Paragraphs should be a 5-7 sentences in length. Please type and double space. Write complete sentences. Grammar, spelling, and punctuation count. No extra credit for any more than five responses.
2. Theory of Evolution
4. Emmeline Grangerford
5. Penny Press
6. Pap Finn
7. International Theme
9. Korl Woman
10. “When it occurs to a man that nature does not regard him as important, and that she feels she would not maim the universe by disposing of him, he at first wishes to throw bricks at the temple, and he hates deeply the fact that there are no bricks and no temples. Any visible expression of nature would surely be pelleted with his jeers. Then, if there be no tangible thing to hoot he feels, perhaps, the desire to confront a personification and indulge in pleas, bowed to one knee, and with hands supplicant, saying: “Yes, but I love myself.”A high cold star on a winter’s night is the word he feels that she says to him. Thereafter he knows the pathos of his situation.”
11. “It was a close place. I took it up, and held it in my hand. I was trembling, because I’d got to ide, forever, between two things, and I knowedit.I studied it a minute, , sort of holding my breath and then says to myself: ‘All right, then, I’ll go to hell, and tore it up.”
12. “’You were right in that remark that you made last summer. I was booked to make a mistake. I have lived too long in foreign parts.’”
13. “Later, the dog whined loudly. And still later it crept close to the man and caught the scent of death. This made the animal bristle and back away. A little longer it delayed, howling under the stars that leaped and danced and shone brightly in the cold sky. Then it turned and trotted up the trail in the direction of the camp it knew, where were the other food-providers and fire-providers.”
14. “Well, I ‘low it’s off, Jack,” said Wilson. He was looking at the ground. “Married!” He was not a student of chivalry; it was merely that in the presence of this foreign condition he was a simple child of the earlier plains. He picked up his starboard revolver, and placing both weapons in their holsters, he went away. His feet made funnel-shaped tracks in the heavy sand.”
15. “”Tom’s most well, now, and got his bullet around his neck on a watch-guard for a watch, and is always seeing what time it is, and so there ain’tnothing more to write about, and I am rotten glad of it, because if I’d a knowedwhat a trouble it was to make a book I wouldn’t a tackled it and ain’tagoing to no more. But I reckon I got to light out for the Territory ahead of the rest, because Aunt Sally she’s going to adopt me and sivilize me and I can’t stand it. I been there before.”
Several meanings can be applied to the term archetype, but in terms of literature, an archetype refers to types of stories, characters, and images that occur frequently in stories, poems, and plays. The appeal of archetypes is that they work on a reader’s mind, evoking profound, unconscious responses. Two of the most common archetypes are the death/rebirth archetype, also known as the “archetype of archetypes,” and the archetype of the journey, also known as the “mono-myth”. In “Young Goodman Brown,” Nathaniel Hawthorne imagines an archetypal journey in which a young man, Goodman Brown, ventures into the New England forest, accompanied by the devil, to attend a black mass, during which he is initiated into the secret, sinful nature of all mankind.
Quote: “Men esteem truth remote, in the outskirts of the system, behind the farthest star, before Adam and after the last man. In eternity there is indeed something true and sublime. But all these times and places and occasions are now and here. God himself culminates in the present moment, and will never be more divine in the lapse of all the ages.”
(1)This quote comes from the “Where I Lived, What I LivedFor” section of Thoreau’s Walden. (2) When Thoreau says, “Men esteem truth remote” but that “God himself culminates in the present moment,” he rejects the conventional wisdom of his age and demonstrates his ability to think independently, outside the box of conventional wisdom. (3)At the same time, by saying that “God himself culminates in the present moment,” Thoreau articulates the Transcendentalist idea that truth is to be found in one’s own immediate experience; (4)further, he stresses the divinity of each individual and the idea that the presence of the divine is not to be found in organized religion but in one’s own consciousness. (5)As he frequently does, Thoreau employs an allusion in this passage, specifically to Adam in the Old Testament, as well as hyperbole, “after the last man,” to expose the mistaken belief that truth is remote and not to be found in “the now and here”.
(1)Poseidon is the ancient Greek god of the sea and of earthquakes, the brother of Zeus and of Hades. (2)Like the other Greek deities, Poseidon is a nature god. (3)He figures in Homer’s Odyssey as Odysseus’s chief nemesis, frustrating the warrior’s efforts to return to Ithaca after the Trojan War; thus, he figures in the ongoing conflict between men and gods that is the subject of much of ancient Greek literature. (5)Having originally taken the side of the Greeks in the war, Poseidon’s antipathy to Odysseus begins when the Greeks, after raiding Troy, remove Cassandra from the Temple of Athena. (5)Later, Odysseus angers Poseidon again by blinding his son, Polyphemus the Cyclops, thus delaying his return back to Ithaca.