essay explaining the process of operant instrumental conditioning

Write a 1-2 page essay explaining the process of operant (instrumental) conditioning by discussing Thorndike’s law of effect and the work of B. F. Skinner; differentiate between the concepts of reward and reinforcer; discuss the effects of severe punishment versus mild punishment; describe the paw slapping experiment on punishment; and explain why reinforcement must be used to make lasting changes in the behavior of a person or an animal. Proper APA formatting is a requirement for all essay assignments. Cite at least three educational sources (one source may include the course textbook) in the essay.