Identifying Misleading Information in an Argument

Consider the following argument: There are many arguments for the

elimination or modification of current U. S. drug laws, but one of the

most persuasive involves what negative effects drug laws are having on

society in comparison with the effects of the drugs themselves. In the

past ten years, most forms of drug use have dropped significantly,

especially among teens. Despite this, non-violent drug offenders

accounted for 21.1 percent of the federal prison population. First time

drug offenders serve, on average, a sentence three months longer than

kidnappers, nine months longer than burglars, and thirty-three months

longer than sex abusers. In 1992, the average cost of keeping an inmate

in either state or federal prison was about $20,000 per prisoner per

year. The United States has the highest incarceration rate in the world,

with 455 prisoners per 100,000 population. It is maintaining these

prisoners at great expense in an environment where they are unlikely to

develop a socially constructive attitude. Perhaps it is time that we

reconsider our attitudes toward those who choose to use drugs; failure

to do so may cost society even more than it already has.

  • Determine whether or not the argument uses any deceptive statistics. Give your opinion on whether or not the argument has persuaded you. Explain why or why not.
  • Determine the primary ways in which statistics or authority are used in your current position in developing persuasive arguments, and provide examples of such use.