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peer review - Freshman Essays

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The equal rights amendment was proposed to help guarantee equality regardless of sex. On one hand, the supporters of the ERA felt that they should be treated as men were. They were not delicate dolls that needed to be taken care of, but they were strong women, who proved in war time that they were capable of upholding the same or similar jobs, and could even become leaders themselves. They wanted to have their own voice, and not that of a husband or father, but to make their own decisions on how they wanted to live. On the other hand, the people who opposed the ERA (followers of the STOP ERA played a huge roll in this) felt that not only would it strip their rights that they had already achieved (I.E. Equal Pay Act of 1963 and the Civil Rights Act of 1964) but it would mean that they would also be drafted in war times, and would force them to work and not be able to be a housewife. They felt that if this was passed, it would allow same sex marriages and coed prisons. Alice Paul had written up the ERA to help end the legal distinction between women and men when legally battling divorce, property or employment. Although the Fourteenth Amendment was put in place to help assure some of these rights, women still were being turned down when searching for legal claims of these rights. Alice felt that this would assure their success. The ERA failed with the help of the movement STOP ERA, in which they brought bread and jam in an example of domestication and fear of losing their roles as stay at home wives/mothers.


Through Affirmative Action, attempts were made in the 1970’s to equalize the educational, employment, and contracting opportunities for minority members and women, with opportunities enjoyed by whites, male counterparts. Supreme court rulings on Affirmative Action were based on the Civil Rights Act of 1964, President Johnson’s Executive order 11246, and Equal Protection clause of the 14th Amendment. (Schultz, 2014, p. #484)

Alice Paul, a former suffragist and the head of the National Women’s Party (a political lobbying coalition founded in 1913 ), a group of congressmen proposed in Equal Rights Amendment to the constitution in 1923.It reads: Men and women shall equal rights throughout the United States and every place subject to its jurisdiction.”The amendment objective was to eliminate all legal between the sexes, such as those that permitted different pay scales for men and women doing the same job.Congress did not approve the amendment until 1972, and the necessary three quarts of the states did not ratify it, in the year since, however, it equal -pay provision has become law. (Schultz, 2014, p. #379)

After 1973, however, a highly organized opposition to the ERA emerged.suggestion, that ratification would be detrimental to women.Opponents argued that passing the amendment would do away with protective laws like sexual assault and alimony, eliminate the tendencies for mothers to receive child custody in a divorce case, and immediately make all-male military draft unconstitutional.By 1882, the year of expiration, on 35 of the necessary states 38 voted in favor of the ERA-three short of the ratification.

The amendment was not created in the best interest of women they wouldn’t have had any rights. The cases that are in the news in 2018 about sexual harassment against men would not have made it court.