these are 2 paragraphs reflections i need please a respond for each one so each respond must be 180 words
the first one :
This chapter deals with the language barrier in the education and in the religious practices. In this chapter, the group of stereotypes is discussed. The bilingual education is not available in the public school system as it had been eradicating from the school since 1990’s. The English of the Puerto Rican and Latino has created the barriers for the proficiency in the language of English. Because of the barrier most of the children were placed for the disability in the language in classes and got lower grades. Moreover, the scores of the children were lower in the conventional achievement test. When the test was given in their own language those children got higher grades in the same subjects. At that time the religious practice for both groups was important such as in the Mexico both groups mainly practice with the Catholicism but some of the groups were out of this religion. At that time, most of the protestant had left the church to compromises with the culture of the white people. There are different types of assimilation to the culture of the United States. This chapter is related to the stereotype people and the discrimination of the people because of their language.
the second one :
This chapter was very interesting to me, as I was not familiar with the history of Puerto Rican and Cuban Americans. The aspects that stood out to me were the barriers in language regarding education, the religious practices of both, as well as the stereotypes both groups encounter. Bilingual education is no longer available in the public school system as it was in the mid-late 1990s, so I wasn’t surprised to read that the limited English for Puerto Rican and other Latino students presents a barrier in proficiency. Because of this, children fall behind and are placed in “‘language-disabled'” classes or lower grades, and score less on conventional achievement tests. However, when tests are given to them in their own language, there is a higher test result (Feagin 259). Another aspect I found interesting was that of religious practices for both groups. Like Mexico, both groups mainly practice Catholicism, but some branch out to other religions, like Santeria. I was surprised to read that “many Puerto Ricans have left the Catholic Church for evangelical Protestant churches” (Feagin 265), especially since the Protestant churches seem to be comprised of mainly the white culture. Although our textbook doesn’t specify, it makes me wonder if the latter is a type of assimilation to the U.S. culture. Both Puerto Ricans and Cubans, as other Latinos, have faced stereotypes and discrimination throughout the years. Puerto Ricans have been deemed as lazy, submissive, and emotional (Feagin 252), while Cubans have been viewed as “anti-Castro militants or extremists, lazy, and loud-mouthed (Feagin 272-273). All the chapters in our textbook have been an eye-opener of the stereotypes and discrimination all minority groups have and still face. With all the advancement we have made in technology, it is unfortunate that the same cannot be said of racism, stereotypes and discrimination of all types.